Prenatal stress hormones and their effects

References

These references accompany the article, "Pregnancy stress hormones: How a natural rise in hormone levels may benefit babies and re-program mothers' brains"

Atkinson HC and Waddell BJ. 1995. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in rat pregnancy and lactation: circadian variation and interrelationship of plasma adrenocorticotropin and corticosterone. Endocrinology 136(2):512-20.

Bardi M, French JA, Ramirez M, and Brent B. 2004. The role of the endocrine system in baboon maternal behavior. Biol Psychiatry 55: 724-732.

Brummelte S, Pawluski JL, and Galea LA. 2006. High postpartum levels of corticosterone given to dams influence postnatal hippocampal cell proliferation and behavior in offspring: A model of postpartum stress and possible depression. Horm Behavior 50(3): 370-382.

Carr BR, Parker CR Jr, Madden JE, et al. 1981. Maternal plasma adrenocorticotropin and cortisol relationships throughout human pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 139: 416-22.

Carroll BJ, Cassidy F, Naftolowitz D, Tathan NE, Wilson WH, Iranmanesh A, Liu PY, and Veldius JD. 2007. Pathophysiology of hypercortisolism in depression. Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl. 433: 90-103.

Dorr HG, Heller A, Versmold HT, Sippell WG, Herrmann M, Bidlingmaier F, and Knorr D. Longitudinal study of progestins, mineralcorticoids, and glucocorticoids throughout human pregnancy. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 68: 863-868.

Crowley P. 2000. Prophylactic corticosteroids for preterm birth. Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, issue 2, CD000065.

Dieterich KD, Lehnert H, and DeSouza EB.1999. Corticotropin-releasing factor receptors: an overview. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 105(2):65-82.

Fleming AS, Steiner M, and Anderson V. 1987. Hormonal and attitudinal correlates of maternal behavior during the early postpartum period in first-time mothers. J Reprod Inf Psychol 5: 193-205.

Fleming AS, Steiner M and Corter C. 1997. Cortisol, hedonics, and maternal responsiveness in human mothers. Hormones and Behavior 32: 85-98.

Heinrichs M, Neumann I, and Ehlert U. 2002. Lactation and stress: Protective effects of breast-feeding in humans. Stress 5: 195-203.

Kammerer M, Adams D, von Castelberg B, and Glover V. 2002. Pregnant women become insensitive to cold stress. BMC pregnancy and childbirth 2: 8-12.

Kammerer M, Taylor A, and Glover V. 2006. The HPA axis and perinatal depression: a hypothesis. Arch Womens Mental Health 9(4):187-96.

Keller-Wood M. 1998. Evidence for reset of regulated cortisol in pregnancy: studies in adrenalectomized ewes. Neuroendorinology Letters 4(25): 145-151.

Keverne EB. 1996. Psychopharmacology of maternal behavior. J Psychopharmacol. 10:16-22.

McLean and Smith 1999. Corticotropin-releasing Hormone in Human Pregnancy and Parturition Trends. Endocrinol Metab 10(5):174-178.

McLean and Smith 2001. Corticotropin-releasing Hormone and human parturition. Reproduction 121: 493-501.

Majzoub JA and Karalis KP. 1999. Placental corticotrophin-releasing hormone: Function and regulation. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 180:S242-246.

Makrigiannakis A, Zoumakis E, Kalantaridou S, Coutifaris C, Margioris AN, Coukos G, Rice KC, Gravanis A, and Chrousos GP. (2001) Corticotropin-releasing hormone promotes blastocyst implantation and early maternal tolerance. Nature Immunology 2: 1018-1024.

Mastripieri D. 1999. The biology of human parenting: Insights from nonhuman primates. Neuroscience and biohavioral reviews 23:411-422.

Mastorakos G and Ilias I. 2003. Maternal and fetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axes during pregnancy and postpartum. Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 997: 136-149.

Matthews SG, Owen D, Kalabis G, Banjamin S, Setiawan EB, Dunn EA, and Andrews MH. 2004. Fetal glucocorticoid exposure and hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function after birth. Endocrine Research 30(4): 827-836.

NIH Consensus Development Conference. 1995. Effects of corticosteroids for fetal maturation and perinatal outcomes. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 173: 253-344.

Nepomnaschy PA, Welch KB, McConnell DS, Low BS, Strassman BI, and England BG. 2006. Cortisol levels and very early pregnancy loss in humans. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 103: 3938-3942.

Poggi-Davis E and Sandman CA. 2006. Prenatal exposure to stress and stress hormones influences child development. Infants and Young Children 19(3): 246-259.

Power ML and Shulkin J. 2006. Functions of corticotrophin-releasing hormone in anthropoid primates: from brain to placenta. Am J Hum Biol. 18(4): 431-447.

Reis FM, Faldati M, Florio P and Petraglia F.1999. Putative role of placental corticotrophin-releasing hormone in the mechanisms of human parturition. J Soc Gynecol Investig 6(3): 109-119.

Robinson BG, Arbiser AL and Majzoub JA. 1989. Species-specific placental corticotropin releasing hormone messenger RNA and peptide expression. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 62(2):337-41

Sapolsky RM. 2004. Why zebras don’t get ulcers. Third edition. New York: Henry Holt and company.

Sonino N and Fava GA. 2001. Psychiatric disorders associated with Cushing's syndrome. Epidemiology, pathophysiology and treatment. CNS Drugs. 15(5):361-73.

Stallings J, Fleming AS, Corter C, Worthman C, and Steiner M. 2001. The effects of infant cries and odors on sympathy, cortisol, and autonomic responses in new mothers and nonpostpartum women. Parenting: Science and Practice 1: 71-100.



Advertisement