This three-stage preschool science project allows kids to explore the concept of buoyancy without a lot of explicit adult instruction.
The project begins that old standby—“floaters and sinkers”—and builds up to the more complex task of boat-building.
To help kids develop a deeper understanding on the subject, tackle the stages of this preschool science project in the order given. And let kids take their time. These activities can extend over a period of many days.
1. Floaters and sinkers
Give kids a bowl of water and a variety of objects to test. What sinks? What floats? Supervise kids so they don’t put the objects in their mouths, and beware of choking hazards for kids under 3 years (e.g., aluminum foil, buttons, coins, stones, etc.).
Here are some suggested objects to try:
• Aluminum foil (for older kids only)
• Coconut flakes
• Pine needles
• Plastic bottles (empty and capped; also full of water and capped)
• Plastic cards
• Plastic dishes
• Plastic toys
• Rice grains
• Soap bars
• Stones and rocks (too large to be swallowed)
• Sunflower seeds
2. How does shape influence whether or not an object can float?
Let kids test the effects of shape on an objects “floatability.”
• Clay (for younger kids) and/or aluminum foil (for older kids)
• A large container of water
Create a variety of shapes from clay or aluminum foil. Make sure you make at least one ball (of clay or of wadded up foil). Try creating other shapes that are “boat shaped.” Then test your shapes in a bowl or tub of water. What happens to the balls? Can you create shapes that float?
3. Making boats
In this open-ended preschool science project, kids create their own boats from recycled materials and test their boats in the water.
• Water-proof tape
• Rubber bands
• Pipe cleaners
• Miscellaneous recycled materials, including milk cartons, egg cartons, pie tins, plastic cups, plastic drinking straws, Styrofoam containers, corks, popsicle sticks, string, plastic bottles, modeling clay, etc.
Before attempting this stage of the preschool science project, kids should have experience with floating and sinking (stages 1 and 2). Kids might also benefit from free play with ready-made toy boats in a tub of water.
In addition, read together about different kids of water craft. Check out these titles for preschoolers:
• Busy Boats by Tony Mitton and Ant Parker (Kingfisher 2005)
• Boats Float by Anne Rockwell (Puffin 1993).
Avoid telling kids how to build a boat. Let kids create their own designs-—however goofy! If you want, you can guide by example. Participate as a peer, quietly making your own simple boat.
When the boats are finished, try floating them in a tub or wading pool. Watch what happens and encourage kids to analyze why some models work better than others. Can kids use what they learned to design their next boat?
More ideas For tips on choosing an preschool science project for your child, see this article on preschool science activities.