These breastfeeding tips and feature articles are based on discoveries in evolutionary, cross-cultural, and clinical research.
Here you'll find evidence-based information on such topics as
• Newborns. What they can smell and taste, and the evidence in favor of frequent feedings for newborns (and against a regimented newborn feeding schedule)
• Feeding "on demand" or "on cue."
The evidence in favor of feeding babies on cue,
review of cross-cultural practices that make feeding "on cue"
• Breast milk. The nutrients and calories in breast milk, and the possibility that milk produced at night makes babies sleepy
• The transition to solids. How flavors in breast milk and formula influence baby food preferences.
And, on a related topic, I've reviewed research concerning the health benefits and risks of consuming cow's milk. Cow's milk isn't good for babies under 12 months. Is it good for toddlers and older children? The answer may depend on your family's health history and on what other sources of protein and calcium you have available.
Why babies benefit from feeding "on cue"
For many generations, Western parents have been encouraged to put
their babies on regimented feeding schedules. Is this a good idea?
Probably not. Read more about
the infant feeding schedule and the importance of feeding on demand.
This article explains why babies are better off regulating their own intake. It covers the evolution of breastfeeding, hunter-gather practices, clinical studies of milk quality, infant growth, stress, pain, and even napping.
For information about the special case of newborns, see my article on the newborn feeding schedule.
Do you really need to switch breasts during a feeding session? No. Does alcohol increase milk production? No--the reverse seems to be true. Check out these breastfeeding tips for the details.
What's in your breast milk?
The composition of breast milk changes depends on a variety of
factors, including how long you have been lactating and how frequently
you feed your baby. Learn more about the
nutrients and calories in breast milk.
This article covers colostrum and “mature” breast milk, and discusses the role of fats, proteins, vitamins, and minerals. It reviews the many factors that influence the composition of your breast milk, and offers tips for improving its quality.
Breastfeeding on demand: A cross-cultural perspective
Both the World Health organization and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that mothers breastfeed "on demand" or "on cue"--i.e., letting the baby determine the timing of feedings.
That's easier said than done. Does your culture support breastfeeding on demand? Read about these cross-cultural breastfeeding practices that make it easier.
Content of "Breastfeeding tips and topics" last modified 2/2014